On 15 June 2007, the Japanese Parliament approved the Strategic Economic Partnership Agreement between Chile and Japan. Chile`s Chamber of Deputies approved the free trade agreement on 12 July 2007. The Chile-Japan Free Trade Agreement came into force on 3 September 2007. However, the Kyoto Protcol targets are being challenged by climate change deities, who condemn strong scientific evidence of the human impact on climate change. An eminent scholar believes that these climate change deniers are “good” in violation of Roussau`s idea of the social contract, which is an implicit agreement between members of a society to coordinate efforts in the name of general social utility. The movement to reject climate change is hampering efforts to reach an agreement on climate change as a global collective society.  Negotiations to date have enabled both sides to reach agreements in principle on the key elements of the agreement, which are: Chile and Japan announced their intention to discuss the possibility of negotiating a free trade agreement on 22 November at the 2004 APEC summit in Santiago, Chile. Following the evaluation of the results of the Chile-Japan Joint Task Force (JSG), which held four meetings, the two countries announced their intention to begin on 18 November 2005 in Seoul, Korea, at the APEC Heads of State Meeting. The Strategic Economic Partnership Agreement between Chile and Japan was signed on March 27, 2007 in Tokyo, Japan. The United States signed the protocol on November 12, 1998, under President Clinton.
However, in order to become binding on the United States, the treaty had to be ratified by the Senate, which had already adopted the non-binding Byrd Hagel resolution in 1997, in which it expressed the rejection of an international agreement that did not require developing countries to reduce their emissions and “would seriously harm the U.S. economy.” The resolution was adopted by 95-0.  Although the Clinton administration signed the treaty, it was never submitted to the Senate for ratification. Gupta et al.